Spanish Colonization Overview (Video)
How do perceptions of race differ in Brazil and the US?
Brown University, 2016
Overview of Spanish and Portuguese Colonization
How Race Was Made (podcast) and transcript is here.
Scene on the Radio
When Worlds Collide: Ethnicity in Latin America (video)
Colorism in the Latinx community (video)
Conversations on Colorism (video)
Jarina De Marco, 2019
Teaching the History of Race in Latin America
Perspectives on History, 1997
The roots of European racism lie in the slave trade, colonialism (article)
The Guardian, 2015
Social Order in the Spanish New World (article)
Latino and Hispanic identities aren’t the same. They’re also not racial groups (video and text).
Black in Latin America (Interview)
PBS/Henry Louis Gates, Jr., 2011
Las Castas: Spanish Racial Classifications (article)
Native Heritage Project, 2013
Caste And Class Structure In Colonial Spanish America (article)
Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture , 2008
Race, Class, and Gender in the Spanish Colonies (images and text).
Smithsonian Learning Lab, 2016
American Slavery in Comparative Perspective
Race and Poverty in Latin America: Addressing the Development Needs of African Descendants
UN Chronicle, 2007
Primary Source: La Castas Painting (de Mexico)
hosted at Annenberg Learner - painter unknown, 1400-1800
Primary Source: From Spaniard and Morisca, Albino Girl
Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1763
Primary Source: Collection of Casta Paintings and more here
Southern Methodist University, 1998
Portugal Expands Slavery In Africa -- and begins to describe people by race.
Chronicle of the Discovery and Conquest of Guinea (1450)
How did race affect life in colonial Mexico?
Brown University, 2017